Spreading Wood Fern is a Western forest fern with ornamental fronds and a sweet, edible rootstock.
The Spreading Wood Fern is a perennial fern native to moist conifer forests, shady stream banks and rocky sub-alpine forests. It has edible rhizomes that were eaten by Native Americans. The rhizomes are bitter when eaten raw, but after cooking develop a rich, sweet flavor that has been compared to sweet potatoes. The roots and fronds converge into a multi-stemmed rootball that is often compared to a pineapple in appearance.
For the best results slow cook the rhizomes at a low temperature for up to 24 hours. They can be eaten like a potato or, once cooked, added to other foods.
The Spreading Wood Fern has delicate finely divided, dark green fronds that are roughly triangular in shape. They make an excellent shade plant and will thrive on the dark and damp northern sides of a houses where little else will grow. Alternative they make an excellent understory plant in moist forests, especially where the soil is acidic, like under conifers.
Environment and Culture
Commonly associated with streams and damp forests as well as rocky alpine crevices, the Spreading Wood Fern thrives whereever it has shade, moisture and acidic soils. They will grow well with other acid lovers like Evergreen Huckleberry, Serviceberry, Buffaloberry and alongside fellow ferns like Fiddlehead Fern.
Harvest, Care, and Preparation
Harvest the rhizomes in autumn, carefully dig up the rootstalk. Roots that are dull and dark are not very good eating. Instead, look for thick, white, living roots. Break these off and place the root ball back in the ground so it will continue to grow. Peel off the rough dark exterior to reveal the softer lighter parts.
Cook the rhizomes overnight in a crock pot or steam for several hours. Eat them like a potato, alone with salt and fat or added to soups and stews.
Make sure and chose a shady, damp location for your Spreading Wood Ferns, preferably with acidic soil. The plants will propagate from spores as well as division from new growth.
Native Range: CA, OR, WA, ID, BC
Ease of Care: Easy, when grown in the right conditions